Regular Mint United States coins
Regular United States Mint Coinage began with the Copper Cents and Half Cents of 1793. The Early Coppers are among the most coveted of all American coins today and boast an extensive literature all their own. These Coppers are often collected by die variety and have their own sophisticated price guides. There are even indexes available that trace the provenance of each and every early Copper coin variety as it has been bought and sold again and again over the past century.
Silver Coinage began in 1794 and eventually included Dollars, Half Dollars, Quarters, Dimes, Half Dimes (the 5C nickel wasn’t introduced until 1866) and the tiny Three Cents of 1851 to 1873. While some collect individual denominations by date or mint, many other collectors prefer to assemble a Type Collection, trying to obtain a representative example of each major design of each denomination of U.S. coin. Some even select only the first year-of-issue for each denomination-! A Type Collection of Silver Dollars, for example, would feature the Flowing Hair, Draped Bust, Liberty Seated, Morgan and Peace issues spanning the years of 1794 to 1935. A Type Collection of Dimes would include the Draped Bust, Capped Bust, Liberty Seated, Barber, Mercury and Roosevelt designs.
Collect by Series and Type
A complete series collection concentrates on one design type and can include an example of each denomination and possibly mintmark. For instance, a Seated Liberty style collection includes an example of each design struck from 1838 through 1891, and from each of the four mints that produced the coins (Philadelphia, New Orleans, San Francisco and Carson City).